Rehabilitation helps a child, adult or older person to be as independent as possible in everyday activities and enables participation in education, work, recreation and meaningful life roles such as taking care of family. It does so by addressing underlying conditions (such as pain) and improving the way an individual functions in everyday life, supporting them to overcome difficulties with thinking, seeing, hearing, communicating, eating or moving around.

Some examples of rehabilitation include:

Exercises to improve a person’s speech, language and communication after a brain injury.
Modifying an older person’s home environment to improve their safety and independence at home and to reduce their risk of falls.
Exercise training and education on healthy living for a person with a heart disease.
Making, fitting and educating an individual to use a prosthesis after a leg amputation.
Positioning and splinting techniques to assist with skin healing, reduce swelling, and to regain movement after burn surgery.
Prescribing medicine to reduce muscle stiffness for a child with cerebral palsy.
Psychological support for a person with depression.


The rehabilitation program

Some general treatment components for rehabilitation programs include the following:
  • Treating the basic disease and preventing complications
  • Treating the disability and improving function
  • Providing adaptive tools and altering the environment
  • Teaching the patient and family and helping them adapt to lifestyle changes

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